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Essay on India in English
New Delhi Its old names are Indraprastha Tughlaqabad etc. This is a very old city, which has been destroyed many times and settled many times. Earlier Pandavas were the rulers of this place. Then King Prithviraj of the Chauhan dynasty ruled here. Then there was the kingdom of Pathan rulers. The forts, Qutub Minar, mausoleum etc. built by him still remind us of him. Delhi progressed greatly during the Mughal period. Shahjahan, grandson of Akbar and son of Jahangir, built Jama Masjid and Red Fort here. These are still standing as they are today, as if they were built just now. There are many places to visit in Delhi. Old Fort Qutub Mimar Red Fort, Gaurishankar Temple, Gurdwara Sisganj Laxmi Narayan Temple (Birla Temple) etc. are worth seeing. Apart from these, zoo, museum, Jantar Mantar etc. are also worth visiting. Among the gardens, Roshanara Bagh, Company Bagh, Tal Katora Garden, Lodi Bagh, Budha Vihar (Buddha Garden) etc. are also worth seeing.
Chandni Chowk, Khari Baoli, Not Place, Rajendra Place, Nehru Place, Karol Bagh, Sadar Bazar etc. are the main markets here. After independence (1947), scores of new settlements have been established here like Rajendra Nagar, Patel Nagar, Moti Nagar, Kitinagar, Rameshnagar, Rajori Garden, Tilak Nagar, Malviya Nagar, Vasant Vihar, Sunder Nagar, Kidwai Nagar etc. Janakpuri, the new and largest settlement here, New Delhi was built during the British rule. Central Secretariat, Parliament House and Rashtrapati Bhawan are in New Delhi only. There are many buildings in New Delhi with many storeys, which can be seen being built. Delhi is a major center for railways, trade and education. Delhi is the capital of India, the largest democracy in the world.
Essay on India in Bharat
More than half a century has passed since independence from British rule in 1947. But let us assess what we have lost or gained over the years. Poverty has decreased in India in the last 63 years but still about 25 percent of the people are living in very miserable conditions. Apart from hunger, they have to face lack of basic facilities, health services and jobs. The situation of middle class families is not particularly different. The business and dominance of the rich class has increased. But these families constitute only 20 percent of the total population of the country.
India: A Tapestry of Diversity and Tradition
India, the seventh-largest country in the world, is a land of myriad cultures, languages, and traditions. Located in South Asia, it is known for its rich history, diverse geography, and vibrant heritage. From the snow-capped peaks of the Himalayas in the north to the sun-kissed beaches of the south, India offers a breathtaking panorama of landscapes and experiences.
India boasts a history that spans thousands of years, with ancient civilizations dating back to 2500 BCE. The mighty Indus Valley Civilization, the birth of major religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, and the rule of powerful empires like the Mauryas, Guptas, and Mughals have all contributed to shaping the nation’s rich heritage. The iconic Taj Mahal, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, stands as a testament to the architectural marvels of the Mughal era.
India is a melting pot of cultures, languages, and traditions. With 22 officially recognized languages and hundreds of dialects spoken across the country, linguistic diversity is one of its hallmarks. Each state in India has its own distinct culture, cuisine, and art forms. From the classical dance of Bharatanatyam in the south to the vibrant colors of Rajasthan’s folk dances in the west, Indian culture is as diverse as it is captivating.
India is the birthplace of major religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. It is also home to significant populations of Muslims, Christians, Jews, and other religious communities. This religious diversity is a testament to India’s commitment to secularism and tolerance. The country celebrates various religious festivals with great enthusiasm, fostering a sense of unity in diversity.
Economic Growth and Innovation
In recent decades, India has emerged as a global economic powerhouse. With a rapidly growing economy, a thriving IT industry, and a strong focus on innovation and entrepreneurship, India is at the forefront of technological advancements. Cities like Bangalore, Hyderabad, and Pune are known globally for their IT and software services, contributing significantly to the country’s economic growth.
Challenges and Opportunities
While India has made remarkable progress, it faces challenges such as poverty, unemployment, environmental degradation, and social inequality. However, these challenges are met with resilience and determination. Initiatives in education, healthcare, and social welfare are transforming lives, offering new opportunities to millions.
India, with its rich cultural tapestry, historical heritage, religious pluralism, economic growth, and the resilience of its people, stands as a beacon of diversity and tradition. As the nation moves forward, embracing modernity while cherishing its ancient wisdom, India continues to inspire the world with its vibrant spirit and enduring legacy.
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